pymor.algorithms.timestepping

Generic time-stepping algorithms for the solution of instationary problems.

The algorithms are generic in the sense that each algorithms operates exclusively on Operators and VectorArrays. In particular, the algorithms can also be used to turn an arbitrary stationary Model provided by an external library into an instationary Model.

Currently, implementations of explicit_euler and implicit_euler time-stepping are provided. The TimeStepper defines a common interface that has to be fulfilled by the time-steppers used by InstationaryModel. The classes ExplicitEulerTimeStepper and ImplicitEulerTimeStepper encapsulate explicit_euler and implicit_euler to provide this interface.

Module Contents

class pymor.algorithms.timestepping.ExplicitEulerTimeStepper(nt)[source]

Bases: TimeStepper

Explicit Euler time-stepper.

Solves equations of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Parameters

nt

The number of time-steps the time-stepper will perform.

Methods

solve

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

solve(self, initial_time, end_time, initial_data, operator, rhs=None, mass=None, mu=None, num_values=None)[source]

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

The equation is of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Parameters

initial_time

The time at which to begin time-stepping.

end_time

The time until which to perform time-stepping.

initial_data

The solution vector at initial_time.

operator

The Operator A.

rhs

The right-hand side F (either VectorArray of length 1 or Operator with source.dim == 1). If None, zero right-hand side is assumed.

mass

The Operator M. If None, the identity operator is assumed.

mu

Parameter values for which operator and rhs are evaluated. The current time is added to mu with key t.

num_values

The number of returned vectors of the solution trajectory. If None, each intermediate vector that is calculated is returned.

Returns

VectorArray containing the solution trajectory.

class pymor.algorithms.timestepping.ImplicitEulerTimeStepper(nt, solver_options='operator')[source]

Bases: TimeStepper

Implicit Euler time-stepper.

Solves equations of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Parameters

nt

The number of time-steps the time-stepper will perform.

solver_options

The solver_options used to invert M + dt*A. The special values 'mass' and 'operator' are recognized, in which case the solver_options of M (resp. A) are used.

Methods

solve

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

solve(self, initial_time, end_time, initial_data, operator, rhs=None, mass=None, mu=None, num_values=None)[source]

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

The equation is of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Parameters

initial_time

The time at which to begin time-stepping.

end_time

The time until which to perform time-stepping.

initial_data

The solution vector at initial_time.

operator

The Operator A.

rhs

The right-hand side F (either VectorArray of length 1 or Operator with source.dim == 1). If None, zero right-hand side is assumed.

mass

The Operator M. If None, the identity operator is assumed.

mu

Parameter values for which operator and rhs are evaluated. The current time is added to mu with key t.

num_values

The number of returned vectors of the solution trajectory. If None, each intermediate vector that is calculated is returned.

Returns

VectorArray containing the solution trajectory.

class pymor.algorithms.timestepping.ImplicitMidpointTimeStepper(nt, solver_options='operator')[source]

Bases: TimeStepper

Implict midpoint rule time-stepper. Symplectic integrator + preserves quadratic invariants.

Solves equations of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Parameters

nt

The number of time-steps the time-stepper will perform.

solver_options

The solver_options used to invert M - dt/2*A. The special values 'mass' and 'operator' are recognized, in which case the solver_options of M (resp. A) are used.

Methods

solve

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

solve(self, initial_time, end_time, initial_data, operator, rhs=None, mass=None, mu=None, num_values=None)[source]

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

The equation is of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Parameters

initial_time

The time at which to begin time-stepping.

end_time

The time until which to perform time-stepping.

initial_data

The solution vector at initial_time.

operator

The Operator A.

rhs

The right-hand side F (either VectorArray of length 1 or Operator with source.dim == 1). If None, zero right-hand side is assumed.

mass

The Operator M. If None, the identity operator is assumed.

mu

Parameter values for which operator and rhs are evaluated. The current time is added to mu with key t.

num_values

The number of returned vectors of the solution trajectory. If None, each intermediate vector that is calculated is returned.

Returns

VectorArray containing the solution trajectory.

class pymor.algorithms.timestepping.TimeStepper[source]

Bases: pymor.core.base.ImmutableObject

Interface for time-stepping algorithms.

Algorithms implementing this interface solve time-dependent problems of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Time-steppers used by InstationaryModel have to fulfill this interface.

Methods

solve

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

abstract solve(self, initial_time, end_time, initial_data, operator, rhs=None, mass=None, mu=None, num_values=None)[source]

Apply time-stepper to the equation.

The equation is of the form

M * d_t u + A(u, mu, t) = F(mu, t).

Parameters

initial_time

The time at which to begin time-stepping.

end_time

The time until which to perform time-stepping.

initial_data

The solution vector at initial_time.

operator

The Operator A.

rhs

The right-hand side F (either VectorArray of length 1 or Operator with source.dim == 1). If None, zero right-hand side is assumed.

mass

The Operator M. If None, the identity operator is assumed.

mu

Parameter values for which operator and rhs are evaluated. The current time is added to mu with key t.

num_values

The number of returned vectors of the solution trajectory. If None, each intermediate vector that is calculated is returned.

Returns

VectorArray containing the solution trajectory.

pymor.algorithms.timestepping.explicit_euler(A, F, U0, t0, t1, nt, mu=None, num_values=None)[source]
pymor.algorithms.timestepping.implicit_euler(A, F, M, U0, t0, t1, nt, mu=None, num_values=None, solver_options='operator')[source]
pymor.algorithms.timestepping.implicit_midpoint_rule(A, F, M, U0, t0, t1, nt, mu=None, num_values=None, solver_options='operator')[source]