pymor.parallel.interface

Module Contents

class pymor.parallel.interface.RemoteObject[source]

Handle to remote data on the workers of a WorkerPool.

See documentation of WorkerPool for usage of these handles in conjunction with apply, scatter_array, scatter_list.

Remote objects can be used as a context manager: when leaving the context, the remote object’s remove method is called to ensure proper cleanup of remote resources.

removed[source]

True, after remove has been called.

Methods

remove

Remove the remote object from the workers.

remove(self)[source]

Remove the remote object from the workers.

Remove the object this handle refers to from all workers. Note that the object will only be destroyed if no other object on the worker holds a reference to that object. Moreover, immutable objects will only be destroyed if remove has been called on all RemoteObjects which refer to the object (see push).

class pymor.parallel.interface.WorkerPool[source]

Bases: pymor.core.base.BasicObject

Interface for parallel worker pools.

WorkerPools allow to easily parallelize algorithms which involve no or little communication between the workers at runtime. The interface methods give the user simple means to distribute data to workers (push, scatter_array, scatter_list) and execute functions on the distributed data in parallel (apply), collecting the return values from each function call. A single worker can be instructed to execute a function using the WorkerPool.apply_only method. Finally, a parallelized map function is available, which automatically scatters the data among the workers.

All operations are performed synchronously.

Methods

apply

Apply function in parallel on each worker.

apply_only

Apply function on a single worker.

map

Parallel version of the builtin map function.

push

Push a copy of obj to all workers of the pool.

scatter_array

Distribute VectorArray evenly among the workers.

scatter_list

Distribute list of objects evenly among the workers.

abstract apply(self, function, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Apply function in parallel on each worker.

This calls function on each worker in parallel, passing args as positional and kwargs as keyword arguments. Keyword arguments which are RemoteObjects are automatically mapped to the respective object on the worker. Moreover, keyword arguments which are immutable objects that have already been pushed to the workers will not be transmitted again. (Immutable objects which have not been pushed before will be transmitted and the remote copy will be destroyed after function execution.)

Parameters

function

The function to execute on each worker.

args

The positional arguments for function.

kwargs

The keyword arguments for function.

Returns

List of return values of the function executions, ordered by worker number (from 0 to len(pool) - 1).

abstract apply_only(self, function, worker, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Apply function on a single worker.

This calls function on on the worker with number worker, passing args as positional and kwargs as keyword arguments. Keyword arguments which are RemoteObjects are automatically mapped to the respective object on the worker. Moreover, keyword arguments which are immutable objects that have already been pushed to the workers will not be transmitted again. (Immutable objects which have not been pushed before will be transmitted and the remote copy will be destroyed after function execution.)

Parameters

function

The function to execute.

worker

The worker on which to execute the function. (Number between 0 and len(pool) - 1.)

args

The positional arguments for function.

kwargs

The keyword arguments for function.

Returns

Return value of the function execution.

abstract map(self, function, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Parallel version of the builtin map function.

Each positional argument (after function) must be a sequence of same length n. map calls function in parallel on each of these n positional argument combinations, always passing kwargs as keyword arguments. Keyword arguments which are RemoteObjects are automatically mapped to the respective object on the worker. Moreover, keyword arguments which are immutable objects that have already been pushed to the workers will not be transmitted again. (Immutable objects which have not been pushed before will be transmitted and the remote copy will be destroyed after function execution.)

Parameters

function

The function to execute on each worker.

args

The sequences of positional arguments for function.

kwargs

The keyword arguments for function.

Returns

List of return values of the function executions, ordered by the sequence of positional arguments.

abstract push(self, obj)[source]

Push a copy of obj to all workers of the pool.

A RemoteObject is returned as a handle to the pushed object. This object can be used as a keyword argument to apply, apply_only, map and will then be transparently mapped to the respective copy of the pushed object on the worker.

Immutable objects will be pushed only once. If the same immutable object is pushed a second time, the returned RemoteObject will refer to the already transferred copy. It is therefore safe to use push to ensure that a given immutable object is available on the worker. No unnecessary copies will be created.

Parameters

obj

The object to push to all workers.

Returns

A RemoteObject referring to the pushed data.

abstract scatter_array(self, U, copy=True)[source]

Distribute VectorArray evenly among the workers.

On each worker a VectorArray is created holding an (up to rounding) equal amount of vectors of U. The returned RemoteObject therefore refers to different data on each of the workers.

Parameters

U

The VectorArray to distribute.

copy

If False, U will be emptied during distribution of the vectors.

Returns

A RemoteObject referring to the scattered data.

abstract scatter_list(self, l)[source]

Distribute list of objects evenly among the workers.

On each worker a list is created holding an (up to rounding) equal amount of objects of l. The returned RemoteObject therefore refers to different data on each of the workers.

Parameters

l

The list (sequence) of objects to distribute.

Returns

A RemoteObject referring to the scattered data.